Peripheral Neuropathy in Feet and Legs

Treatment of Peripheral Neuropathy in Feet and Legs: Empowering Recovery

Have you ever experienced a tingling sensation in your feet or legs? Or even weakness? Well, hold onto your socks because today, we’re diving into the world of neuropathy. This condition might be the culprit behind those unusual sensations in your lower extremities.

In simple terms, this condition occurs when the nerves, especially in our feet and legs, start acting funny. It’s like they’ve forgotten how to do their job properly! This can lead to sensations like numbness, tingling, or even pain in your feet and legs.

You might be thinking, “That’s quite odd! Who does this happen to?” Well, believe it or not, this condition is more common than you’d think. Around 20 million people in the United States alone are dealing with it. And you know who’s at a higher risk? Folks with diabetes. In fact, more than half of all people with diabetes will develop this issue at some point.

But hey, let’s not get too gloomy! We’re here to talk about how we can tackle this problem head-on. So, buckle up as we delve into its understanding, learn about its effects on our bodies, and explore ways used to treat it.

Our office at Eazy Foot & Ankle help patients who need diabetic foot care and peripheral neuropathy in Los Angeles

Let’s empower ourselves with knowledge and take control of our health!

Understanding Neuropathy

Imagine the human body as a vast, intricate communication network. The brain and spinal cord act as the central command. Meanwhile, the peripheral nerves are the messengers. They transmit vital information from the extremities, like the feet, legs, hands, and arms, back to the command center.

But what happens when these messengers falter? In this condition, damage disrupts normal functioning. This could be due to a variety of reasons, with diabetes-related complications being a common culprit.

Now, remember the role of our messengers—they help us feel and control movement. When they’re impaired, it’s like having a phone with spotty service. The messages don’t get through clearly, if at all.

The result? You may not feel pain or sense an injury, especially in areas like your feet. It’s like walking on a path filled with sharp stones but not feeling the pricks. This lack of sensation can make you more prone to injuries.

Peripheral Neuropathy

Unraveling the Causes of Peripheral Neuropathy

Now, we’re going to uncover the secrets behind what causes this nerve-tingling mystery. Think of it as unraveling a closely guarded secret that will bring us closer to understanding why our body sometimes goes haywire.

Genetic Factors

Our genes sometimes set the stage for certain health conditions, including neuropathy. Some people have a genetic predisposition that makes them more susceptible to this condition. Certain inherited disorders can disrupt the normal functioning of nerves. In turn, it can lead to the development of this medical issue.

Traumatic Injuries

Accidents, falls, and fractures can lead to traumatic injuries, which are a common cause. These injuries can physically harm the nerves or disrupt their normal signaling. Hence, it can cause symptoms like pain and reduced reflexes.

Systemic Conditions

Systemic conditions that affect the entire body can also cause peripheral neuropathy. Here are some examples:

Type 2 Diabetes

Diabetes, especially type 2, is the most common cause of peripheral neuropathy. High blood sugar levels can damage nerves over time, particularly in the legs and feet. This specific type of neuropathy is referred to as diabetic polyneuropathy.

Additional Factors

There are also additional factors that can contribute to this:

Understanding the causes is the first step toward effective management and treatment. Stay informed, stay healthy!

Symptoms of Peripheral Neuropathy

Now that we’ve discussed the causes, you might wonder, “How do I know if I have it?”

The Nervous System and Nerve Types

To grasp the symptoms, we first need to understand the nervous system. It is divided into two main parts:

Now, within the peripheral nervous system, three types of nerves can be affected by peripheral neuropathy:

Telltale Signs

The symptoms of peripheral neuropathy may differ based on which nerve is affected. The manifestations of neuropathy include the following:

Motor Nerve Damage

When these are affected, symptoms may include:

Sensory Neuropathy

Damage to this may result in:

Autonomic Nerve Damage

If these are impacted, you might experience:

Complex Neuropathies

As the name suggests, these are more complicated. They occur when two or more different types of nerves in the PNS are damaged.

This could mean that motor, sensory, and autonomic nerves are all affected simultaneously, leading to a wide range of symptoms. With this, its manifestation can be a combination of multiple nerve-type impairments.

Spotting the signs early can be a game-changer, giving you a head start in managing this sneaky condition. Remember, knowing is half the battle, so stay alert to your body’s signals.

Peripheral Neuropathy Diagnosed

Initial Evaluation

Determining the Extent of Damage

To understand the extent of damage, further tests may be performed:

Blood and Spinal Fluid Tests

Blood tests can detect markers of inflammation or specific antibodies linked to the condition. Meanwhile, spinal fluid tests can help diagnose certain types of peripheral neuropathy.

Preparation for Assessment

Before your consultation, it’s a good idea to:

Symptom Assessment

Understanding your symptoms and medical history is crucial to the diagnosis process. You’ll be asked about:

Physical and Neurological Exams

A physical exam will help your healthcare provider assess your overall health. Meanwhile, a neurological exam may include:

Diagnostic Tests

Several diagnostic tests can be used to diagnose peripheral neuropathy:

Detailed Assessment

Muscle and Vibration Tests

Muscle strength can be assessed by asking you to perform certain tasks or movements. A tuning fork might be used to see how well you detect vibrations—an ability often reduced in people with peripheral neuropathy.

Advanced Imaging

Advanced imaging techniques, like CT scans and MRIs, can provide detailed images of your body’s structures. These can help identify issues such as tumors or herniated disks that could be causing your symptoms.


In some cases, a small sample of nerve or skin tissue may be taken for further testing. This can help confirm the diagnosis and rule out other conditions.

Remember, the road to diagnosis is a journey. But each step brings you closer to understanding your condition and finding the most effective treatment option. If you feel your symptoms are getting worse or changing, don’t hesitate to reach out to your healthcare provider.

Dr Jo Explains Exercises for Peripheral Neuropathy

Treatment for Peripheral Neuropathy

It’s important to note that treatment often focuses on managing symptoms rather than curing the condition. Most nerve disorders cannot be cured. However, many options are available to prevent them from worsening and improve quality of life.


Medication can play a crucial role in managing discomfort. Here’s a quick rundown:

Anti-seizure medicines

Surgical Interventions

In severe cases, surgical interventions might be considered. For example, if a tumor or herniated disk is causing your symptoms, removing it could potentially alleviate the pain.

Therapeutic Techniques

Several therapeutic techniques can help manage symptoms:

Promising Alternative Treatments

Several alternative treatments show promise:

Remember, treatment may vary depending on the underlying cause of your condition. Always consult with your healthcare provider before starting any new treatment regimen.

Management Strategies

Finding effective management strategies can be a game-changer. Let’s explore some options that could help ease your symptoms.

The Role of Braces and Orthotics

Braces and orthotics play a significant part in supporting the feet and lower legs, enhancing comfort and mobility. They can:

Embracing Relaxation Techniques

Relaxation techniques can also play a vital role in managing discomfort. Here are some examples:

Deep Breathing PNG

By exploring different strategies, you can find the right balance to reduce your symptoms and improve your quality of life. Never hesitate to reach out to your healthcare team for support and guidance!

Preventive Measures

Taking care of your overall health is critical in preventing nerve-related conditions. Here are some strategies you can adopt to protect your well-being.

Lifestyle Changes

Making simple modifications to your daily habits can play an essential role in preventing this condition. These changes could include:

Nutritional Considerations

What you eat matters. It is ideal to maintain a healthy weight through a balanced diet rich in vitamins and nutrients. This can reduce the risk of developing health issues linked to nerve pain. Some tips include:

Physical Activity

Exercising regularly is another way to keep your body in shape and prevent health issues. Whether it’s a brisk walk, yoga, cycling, or swimming, any form of physical activity can contribute positively to your overall health.

Health Monitoring

Stay in close contact with your healthcare providers and ensure regular check-ups. This will help in early diagnosis and treatment of any potential issues.

It’s all about taking small steps to make a big difference!

Prognosis and Outlook

The prognosis for neuropathy varies widely, depending on the underlying cause and the nerves affected. The condition may improve for some, especially if caused by a treatable issue. For others, it may be long-term or lifelong. In most cases, with proper care and management, people diagnosed with this condition can still lead fulfilling lives.

Peripheral Neuropathy in Feet and Legs

Possible Complications

If left untreated, it can lead to several complications. These include:

When to Seek Immediate Care

Feeling unsure about when to dial up your doctor can be common, especially when managing a condition like neuropathy. But worry not! We’re here to shed some light on those critical moments when seeking immediate medical attention becomes crucial. With this, you can ensure you’re always steps ahead in protecting your health.

By staying tuned into your body, you’re already making huge strides toward maintaining your well-being. So, do not hesitate to contact your healthcare provider when things seem off.

Diabetic Patients and Collaboration with Podiatrists

Podiatrists like Dr. Elhiani of Eazy Foot & Ankle bring unique expertise to the table. They specialize in diagnosing and treating conditions related to the foot and lower extremities. This makes them especially valuable for patients with diabetes and neuropathy. Here’s why you should consider working with one:

We’ve taken quite a journey today, exploring the ins and outs of neuropathy in feet and legs. It’s clear that this condition can be caused by various factors and presents itself through diverse symptoms.

The road to diagnosis may seem daunting, but it’s essential to finding the right treatment. This could be anything from medication to physical therapy or even surgery in more severe cases. But don’t worry. There are plenty of ways to manage this condition and keep those feet moving!

Prevention is key, and we’ve learned that maintaining a healthy lifestyle and caring for our feet can make a difference. The outlook for neuropathy varies. However, early detection and treatment can greatly improve your prognosis.

Don’t hesitate to seek immediate care if you’re experiencing discomfort or unusual sensations in your feet or legs. And why go it alone? Collaborating with our Los Angeles podiatrist, like our expert Dr. Albert Elhiani at Eazy Foot & Ankle, can provide the guidance and support you need.

So, ready to take the next step? Don’t let foot and leg pain slow you down. Schedule a consultation with us today. You can reach us at 424-279-9332. 

Also, if you have a diabetic ulcer and need wound care here in Los Angeles for a sore on you foot or ankle give us a call. 

Let’s walk this journey to recovery together, one step at a time!

Frequently Asked Questions

Absolutely not! It is not contagious. It’s a condition that results from damage to your peripheral nerves. It is typically caused by factors like diabetes, injuries, or certain infections. Still, it cannot be passed from person to person.

While there’s currently no cure for this condition, it’s definitely manageable with the right treatment plan. Depending on the cause, treatments can reduce your symptoms and prevent further nerve damage.

It can feel worse at night because there are fewer distractions, making you more aware of the pain. Additionally, lying down can increase circulation to your feet. Hence, it can intensify the discomfort from neuropathy.

Further Reading

Exercise & physical therapy. (2015, November 15). The Foundation For Peripheral Neuropathy.

How to treat peripheral neuropathy naturally. (2019, October 24). Medical News Today.

Six great plant-based foods to fight nerve pain – Neuropathic therapy center. (2021, March 30). Loma Linda University Health.

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