Bunions and Hammertoes: A Comprehensive Guide to Foot Health

Are you among the many individuals who suffer from bunion or hammertoe? If so, you know first-hand how uncomfortable and painful these conditions can be. Regardless of the severity of your situation, living with these can be an unwelcome struggle.
Luckily, there’s hope! Dr. Elhiani is a highly experienced podiatrist. He is dedicated to helping individuals find practical solutions for their conditions. He has become a trusted name in podiatry with his expertise and commitment to patient care.

Worry no more because he specializes in surgical and non-surgical treatments! His practice is all about giving you comfort.
In this article, we will explore the causes, symptoms, and the various treatment choices available. By the end, you’ll better understand these common foot conditions and feel confident in managing them. So, let’s dive in and learn more about them!

Understanding Painful Bunions

Are you experiencing pain, or have you noticed a lump on the side of your foot? You may be suffering from bunions. Let’s learn what this is, its causes, and its impact on daily life.

What Is It?

Also known as hallux valgus, this is an impairment where the joint at the base of the big toe becomes enlarged and points outward. When this happens, the hallux deviates toward the other toes, and a bony bump forms at the toe’s base. This can cause pressure on the affected area and lead to pain and discomfort.

Its Causes

Several factors can contribute to its development, including:

Hallux valgus, bunion in female foot before and after surgical

Impact on Daily Life

Bunions can be painful and make finding shoes that fit properly difficult. The protrusion can rub against the inside of your shoes, causing calluses or corns. Over time, the affected toe may become rigid, making it hard to move or bend.


In severe cases, it can cause difficulty walking, especially if a tailor’s bunion forms on the outside of the foot. Without treatment, it can worsen, leading to other impairments like hammertoes.

Remember, your health is critical. Don’t ignore any discomfort or visible changes, as these might indicate a more serious condition. It’s always a good idea to consult a healthcare professional like Dr. Elhiani for proper diagnosis and treatment.
In podiatry, knowledge is power, and understanding your condition is the first step to managing it effectively. So, keep striding forward confidently!

Understanding Painful Hammertoes

Hammertoe is a foot deformity that affects the middle joint of a toe, most commonly the second or fourth toe. The affected toe bends downward and resembles a hammer, hence its name. Let’s learn more about this condition, its causes, and how it can impact daily life.

What Is It?

This is a progressive impairment where the middle joint of a toe becomes bent and fixed in a downward position. This can happen when the muscles and tendons that control become imbalanced and pull the toe in one direction more than the other. Over time, it may become stiff and painful, making it difficult to wear shoes or perform daily activities.

Its Causes

Several factors can contribute to its development, including:


Impact on Daily Life

Hammertoe can be a painful and uncomfortable condition. It may cause blisters, clavus, or callosity.


Over time, an open sore may develop on the tip of the toe, increasing the risk of infection. Without treatment, hammertoes can become more rigid and painful. Hence, making walking or standing difficult for extended periods.

Symptoms of Bunions and Hammertoes

Bunion and hammertoe are the most common deformities that can cause discomfort and pain. Both conditions can affect the front part of the foot and can lead to other problems. Let’s take a closer look at the symptoms associated with these conditions.

Bunion Symptoms

This bony bulge in the side of the big toe occurs when the metatarsal bone moves out of place and pushes the toe towards the second toe. Some common symptoms include:

Bunion Symptoms

Hammertoe Symptoms

Some common symptoms of hammertoe include:

Mans deformed hammertoes

Both of these can be caused by wearing shoes that do not fit properly, leading to an imbalance in the foot and ankle. Also, women are more likely to develop these conditions than men due to the types of shoes they tend to wear.
If you are experiencing any of these symptoms, it’s essential to consult with a foot and ankle surgeon or orthopedic doctor. They can help develop a treatment plan tailored to your specific needs. They may also recommend surgery if conservative measures do not provide relief.
Remember, these can worsen if left untreated. So, early intervention is vital to preserving function and relieving pain. Take the first step towards happy feet!

North Carolina Podiatrist Explains Bunions and Hammertoes


If you suspect you have either of these impairments, the first step is to consult with a healthcare professional. A professional diagnosis is crucial to confirm the condition and rule out other foot problems with similar symptoms. Here’s what you can expect during the diagnostic process.

Physical Examination

The first step in diagnosing a foot or ankle impairment is to undergo a physical examination.  During the exam, the doctor will palpate and manipulate the affected area. Through this, they will be able to determine the source of pain, check for malformation, and evaluate the range of motion. With this, your healthcare provider will look for the following:

Bunions and Hammertoes

They may also ask about your medical history. This may include any previous injuries or surgeries and your lifestyle habits, such as the type of shoes you wear.

X-Ray Imaging

In some cases, the specialist may recommend X-rays to better look at your foot’s structure and confirm a diagnosis. X-rays can show any changes in the bone structure, including the severity of the deformity and how much cartilage has been lost.
It’s clear that these aren’t just cosmetic concerns. They can significantly impact your comfort, mobility, and quality of life. Early diagnosis and intervention are crucial to managing and preventing further complications. So, don’t hesitate to seek professional advice if you notice any signs or symptoms.
Remember, life is too short for aching feet – so step up and take charge of your health today! Stay toe-tally fantastic!

X-Ray Imaging

Treatment Options

Bunions and hammertoes are common conditions that can cause significant pain and discomfort. Fortunately, there are several treatment alternatives.
Treatment regimens may be personalized based on the severity of the condition and individual needs. There are two types of treatment: non-surgical and surgical solutions.
Non-surgical solutions are typically the first line of treatment for these conditions. However, when these don’t provide relief, surgery may be recommended. Surgical procedures aim to correct the deformity, relieve pain, and improve function. Recovery times can vary depending on the specific treatment and individual patient characteristics.
Remember, your feet are the foundation of your mobility, so don’t neglect them. If you experience discomfort or recognize any symptoms, don’t hesitate to seek professional help. Keep striding with confidence and take care of your ‘toe-tal’ health!

Non-Surgical Treatments

For mild to moderate cases, non-surgical interventions can help. With this, you can alleviate pain and slow down the progression of the condition. Some common non-surgical treatments include:

Orthopedic insoles

Take a stand for your health today! Remember, your feet carry you through life’s precious moments, so treat them kindly.

Surgical Solutions

Surgery may be necessary in severe cases where non-surgical interventions do not provide relief. Your condition may require surgery when it interferes with daily activities or if the deformity worsens over time.
This can provide significant pain relief and improve foot function. It can also help prevent further deformities and allow patients to participate in activities they could not do before. Some common surgical procedures include:

Foot with a Bunion

Take each step with comfort and stride with joy, knowing you’ve learned how to better care for your feet. From non-surgical treatments to surgical solutions, you are now equipped with the knowledge to address this. Here’s to happy, healthy feet that help you embrace life’s journey – with every step you take!

Recovery and Post-Operative Care

Undergoing surgery can be a daunting experience, and the recovery process can be just as challenging. To ensure the best outcome, following your surgeon’s post-operative care instructions is crucial.
Let us tread through the expected timeline and any post-operative restrictions to enlighten you about this.

Days 1-2

The first few days after the operation are essential to your recovery process. During this time, you will likely feel dizzy and tired as your body adjusts to the anesthesia.


Following your surgeon’s instructions regarding mobility, rest, and activity level is crucial. Pain and discomfort are expected during this time, but your doctor can prescribe medication to help manage these symptoms.

Days 3-7

As you begin to recover, your pain and discomfort should gradually decrease. During this time, you should keep your foot elevated as much as possible to help reduce swelling.


You may be allowed to do limited physical activity, such as walking around the house or doing gentle stretching exercises. However, avoiding activities that could strain your foot is vital, as this could slow down the healing process.

Weeks 2-3

By this point, you should start to feel more like yourself again. However, avoiding activities that could put undue stress on your foot is still essential. You should keep them elevated whenever possible and avoid standing for prolonged periods.


You may be allowed to wear a surgical shoe during this time. Your doctor may also advise you to begin physical therapy or rehabilitation exercises. 

Weeks 4-6

At this point, you should start feeling significantly better and have a better range of motion in your foot. However, avoiding activities that could put undue stress is still important.


Your surgeon may advise you to continue physical therapy to help improve strength and mobility. You may also be able to wear regular shoes with a roomy toe box during this time.

Months 3-6

Depending on the type of bunion treatment or hammertoe surgery you had, it may take several months for you to heal fully. It is also essential to continue following any post-operative restrictions. Along with this, it is crucial to monitor your symptoms for any signs of complications.

Recovering from a hammertoe or bunion surgery can be a challenging process. Take it step by step, and remember: recovery is a journey, not a race.
Your precious feet have taken you many places, and now it’s time to give them the care they deserve. Follow your post-op instructions carefully, and if you have any concerns, don’t hesitate to ask your healthcare provider. Here’s to getting you back on your feet and stepping into a future of improved mobility and comfort!

Eazy Foot & Ankle: Where Bunions and Hammertoes Meet Their Match!

We understand the frustration and discomfort that come with these impairments. That’s why we’re here to help at Eazy Foot & Ankle, where our experienced podiatrist, Dr. Albert Elhiani, DPM, is dedicated to providing expert care.
Dr. Elhiani has years of experience treating bunions and hammertoes. He uses the latest techniques and technologies to provide the most effective treatment possible.
He is passionate about patient care. With this, he is committed to listening to your concerns. Thereby, he develops personalized treatment plans that meet your unique needs. With his expertise and dedication to your well-being, you can trust that you’re in good hands.
From the moment you walk through our doors, you’ll be greeted with a friendly smile and a team of professionals who genuinely care about your health. Our state-of-the-art facility has the latest technology. With this, we can ensure you receive the best care in a safe and comfortable environment.
Don’t let these keep you from living your life to the fullest. Reach out to us for expert care.

In conclusion, understanding bunions and hammertoes is crucial to maintaining good foot health. We hope this comprehensive guide has helped you better understand these conditions and what you can do to manage the pain they cause.
Remember that these progressive conditions can worsen over time without proper medical intervention. If left untreated, it can result in surgery to correct the deformity.
Our office is dedicated to providing compassionate and effective care for all our patients. If you experience pain or discomfort related to bunions or hammertoes, we encourage you to schedule an appointment with us today.

Our team of professionals is here to help you get back on your feet and enjoy a pain-free life. Don’t wait – contact us today to learn more about how we can help you!

Contact Us Today!

Don’t let pain keep you from enjoying the activities you love. Take the first step towards a pain-free life. Our friendly and experienced team is here to help you every step of the way.
Our state-of-the-art facility, located at 9223 W Pico Blvd, Suite 201, Los Angeles, CA 90035, makes it easy to access expert foot care when needed. And if you can’t make it to our clinic, we offer phone appointments for your convenience. Call us at 424-279-9332, and we’ll gladly assist you.
At Eazy Foot & Clinic, we believe in providing personalized and compassionate care to every patient we see. Whether you’re dealing with bunions, hammertoes, or any other foot-related issue, we’re here to help you find relief and get back to doing what you love.
So why wait? Visit our website at https://eazyfoot.com/ to learn more about our services and request an appointment online. We look forward to hearing from you and helping you achieve healthier, more comfortable feet.

Don’t delay – reach out to us today!

Additional Resources

Bunion Institute Education Team. (2020, October 15). Bunion faqs. The Bunion Institute. https://www.bunioninstitute.com/bunion-faqs/


Upperline Health. (2020, June 18). Frequently asked questions about hammertoe. https://www.upperlinehealthcalifornia.com/frequently-asked-questions-about-hammertoe


Bunion: Strengthening foot muscles to reduce pain and improve mobility. (2016). Journal of Orthopaedic & Sports Physical Therapy, 46(7), 606–606. https://www.jospt.org/doi/10.2519/jospt.2016.0504